The Eurocopter Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter, the successor company to Aérospatiale’s and Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG’s respective helicopter divisions, who designate it as the EC-665. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.
Development of the Tiger had started during the Cold War, it was initially intended as an anti tank helicopter platform to be used against a Soviet ground invasion of Western Europe. Due to a prolonged development period during which the Soviet Union was peacefully dissolved, France and Germany chose to proceed with the Tiger, developing it as a multirole attack helicopter instead, achieving operational readiness in 2008.
The Tiger has the distinction of being the first all-composite helicopter developed in Europe; and incorporates other advanced features such as a glass cockpit, stealth technology and high agility in order to increase its survivability. Improved variants have also begun to enter service, outfitted with more powerful engines and compatible with a wider range of weapons. Since the type’s introduction to service, Tigers have been used in combat in Afghanistan, Libya, and Mali.
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EC-665 in the Helicopter Museum
We see here the third prototype (PT3/98+23). Fully equipped, maiden flight on 19th November 1993 as F-ZWWT.
This PT3 featured in the James Bond movie “GoldenEye” in 1995.
|Purpose:||medium size attack helicopter|
|Country:||Germany / France|
|Maiden Flight:||November 19, 1993|
|Rotor diameter:||13 m|
|Rotor blades:||main rotor 4 – tail rotor 3|
|Powerplant:||2 x MTR-390 turboshafts|
|Power:||1,100 kW each|
|Maximum speed:||300 km/h|
|Service ceiling:||4,000 m|
|Empty weight:||3,060 kg|
|Maximum takeoff weight:||6,100 kg|
|Crew:||2 – pilot and weapon systems officer|
still in production